Guidelines for choosing a master’s program in library and information studies

Description
Librarians select, develop, organize, store and use the library collections.
To provide advisory services and reference customers. They work in a library, in one of  services of a library or an organization with information needs.

Example Titles

  • Bibliographer
  • Librarian
  • Librarian Consultant
  • Cataloguer
  • Circadian
  • Supervisor, library

Classified Elsewhere

  • School librarian (see 4141 Teachers in secondary and 4142 Teachers in primary and preschool)
  • Medical records clerk (see 1413 File Clerks and Records Management)
  • Director, library (see 0511 Managers library, archives, museum and art gallery)

Functions
Librarians perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Recommend acquisition of books, periodicals, interactive, audio-visual equipment and another to add to the library collection;
  • Provide reference services;
  • Select, classify, catalog and weed library materials;
  • Prepare bibliographies, indexes, reading lists, guides and other finding aids;
  • Establish systems of access to library collections;
  • perform reference searches using manual systems, interactive and live, make interlibrary loans and perform other tasks on the Internet and CD-ROM to assist users in accessing library materials;
  • Specialized services for children, the elderly and other groups;
  • Establish programs and visits to learn about information and library orientation;
  • Performing related administrative duties and supervise library technicians, assistants and clerks

Skills

  • Librarians must have the following skills and abilities:
  • Interest in research and management of information and willingness to help people find information they need
  • Computer skills to the creation of computer databases and to access
  • Curiosity and creativity
  • Critical thinking skills and decision making
  • Skills in interpersonal relations and attention to customer service
  • Ability to work with others
  • Skills in written and verbal communication
  • Organizational skills
  • Supervisory skills
  • Strong skills in planning and management, among others regarding budgets and procurement
  • High level of general knowledge and knowledge specific to the needs of special libraries
  • Desire to keep abreast of developments in their field.

Terms of use

Most librarians work full time, 35 to 40 hours per week. Those working in public libraries or university may be required to work some evenings and weekends, because the opening hours of these facilities are extended to provide better public access. They spend long periods sitting at a computer screen, which can cause eye strain and tension to the wrists. Some librarians lift and carry books, climb ladders to reach the books that are too high and sometimes reposition the books on the shelves themselves.

Most librarians have a lot of business to the public. Technology affects how they work, because it offers more and more reference materials online through the Internet or computer media. About 23% of the members of this occupational group working part-time.

Compensation

  • $ 28,900 (annual) – Departure
  • $ 51,600 (annual) – medium
  • $ 86,100 (annual) – High

Are reviewed annually or more frequently if new information becomes available.

Education / Training

The following institutions offer Programs related to this occupation:
Dalhousie University. For more information visit
http:://www.dalgrad.dal.ca/programs/
McGill University. For more information visit
http:://www.mcgill.ca/gps/
University of Alberta. For more information visit
http:://www.gradstudies.ualberta.ca/prospective/
University of British Columbia. For more information visit
http:://www.grad.ubc.ca/
University of Montreal (French only). For more information visit
http:://www.ebsi.umontreal.ca/prog/index.html
University of Toronto. For more information visit
http:://www.geology.utoronto.ca/students/graduate-students-1
University of Western Ontario. For more information visit
http:://grad.uwo.ca/current_students/index.cfm
For more information on universities, colleges, private vocational institutions, service providers of distance education, and other providers of educational services and public training in Manitoba, visit website at:
http:://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/ael/unicoll/index.fr.html

Career Paths

Librarians may specialize in specific areas or certain functions of library: Reference Desk, cataloging, archiving, etc… They also have access to positions of supervisory or management. In private companies, they can become leaders of the service information.

Outlook

It is expected that employment opportunities for librarians are good in the period from 2011 to 2015. An estimated 460 the number of people employed in Manitoba in 2011.

It is expected that the sector remains very competitive, most opportunities in libraries is the result of replacements rather than new posts. A significant number of librarians are at the age of retirement or almost, and their retirement would create a number of employment opportunities in the coming years. Librarians have a scientific or technical training will be best placed to find employment, especially in research libraries, as well as those with expertise in automation and rationalization of information services and library. The entry-level positions are often part-time positions or contract.

Technology is changing the role of libraries. People are increasingly using the Internet more to fill their information needs. The libraries are responding to this reality by providing more documents online through remote access. This trend has implications, since it reduces the demand for librarians and changes the nature of their work. Funding in sectors of public service and education has an impact on the demand for librarians.

Librarians are found throughout the provinces, in the largest cities. Most of them work in the following sectors: Industry Information and cultural industries (65%) Educational services (16%) and public administration (10%).

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